With the increasing demand for natural products, herb extraction technology has gained widespread application. This technology aims to extract active ingredients from plants to meet the needs of medicine, nutrition, environmental protection and other fields. In this article, we will introduce the principles, and applications of plant extraction.
Principles of Plant Extraction Technology
The principle of plant extraction technology is based on the solubility of similar substances. That is to say, different components have different solubilities in different solvents. According to this principle, effective ingredients in plants can be extracted using solvent extraction. Common plant extraction methods include maceration, expression, absorption, etc.
Plant extraction technology has a wide range of applications in medicine, nutrition, environmental protection and other fields.
(1) Medical Field: Plant extracts have the advantages of good therapeutic effect and few side effects, and have certain pharmacological effects in anti-cancer, anti-infection, anti-rheumatism and other areas. For example, Taxol is an anti-cancer drug extracted from the Taxus species.
(2) Nutrition Field: Plant extracts are rich in various vitamins, minerals and dietary fibers and other nutrients, which can be used to produce health care products, food additives and other products to meet the needs of healthy eating.
(3) Environmental Protection Field: Plant extraction technology can be used to control environmental pollution, such as using plant extracts to degrade organic pollutants and heavy metal ions. In addition, plant extracts can also be used to produce biodegradable plastic to reduce white pollution.